ARDUINO HARDWARE AND PROGRAMMING INTRODUCTION


   Arduino is an open-source platform for AVR Microcontroller Programming. It is easy-to-use and perfect for begineers to learn microcontroller programming. Arduino is combination of hardware and software. there are number of Arduino boards available in market with different AVR microcontrollers and all these boards are programmed with Arduino IDE software tool.


1. different Arduino boards

Introduction to Arduino UNO
  Arduino UNO is one of popular and commonly used Arduino board and perfect for beginners to start with. This Arduino board able to read inputs from lights, sensors, a finger on a button, or a Twitter message and turn it into an output activating a motor, turning on an LED, publishing something online. You can tell your board what to do by sending a set of instructions to the microcontroller on the board.
2. Arduino UNO

Specification of Arduino UNO
  •  ATmega328 microcontroller
  •  Operating voltage 5V
  •  Input voltage 7-12V
  •  Flash Memory 32 KB
  •  SRAM 2 KB
  •  EEPROM 1 KB
  •  Clock Speed 16 MHz

3. Pin diagram of ATmega328 

How to program a Arduino UNO 




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